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Wood Green Fountain

Restoration of the cattle trough and fountain

By the 19th century, drinking water was becoming a severe problem for London's inhabitants, with massive population increase, industrial waste and old medieval conduits falling out of use. There were frequent cholera epidemics. In 1859 The Metropolitan Free Drinking Fountain Association was founded in order that free drinking fountains, yielding pure cold water, would confer a boon on all classes, and especially the poor. Fountains were often located near pubs in order to divert working men from the temptations of alcohol. Cattle and horses also suffered with lack of water: by 1885, over 50,000 horses were drinking from London's troughs every day.

The Wood Green cattle trough and fountain, erected in 1901, is unusually ornate. It is sited on the main Wood Green thoroughfare and adjacent to the 19th century Fishmongers' Arms. The latter's origins are likely in the Fishmongers' Company, whose almshouses were nearby; in the 1960s the pub was well known as a music venue for top-billing bands but it is now closed and locally listed.

Since HOLT's restoration of the fountain, it has been taken off the Heritage at Risk Register. The restoration project included masonry and structural repairs, resetting the railings so the fountain is accessible from the street and site interpretation.

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